Loma Linda University Children's Hospital - Safe Kids - Fire Safety

Safe Kids

Fire safety

alarmIs your number up?

Do you have a number on the front of your house? Can the number be seen easily from the street during the day and night? This is very important in case the driver of a fire truck or ambulance needs to find your house quickly. House numbers can be purchased at a low cost from a hardware store.

Facts about fires

  • Real fires are FAST. In a few minutes your whole house could be on fire.
  • Real fires are HOT. Temperatures can be more than 600 degrees.
  • Real fires are DARK. You won't be able to breathe and you can't see anything.
  • Real fires are DANGEROUS -- no matter how small. If you see a fire, get out and get help.

Home fire safety

  • Draw a simple picture of your home. Plan at least two escape routes from your home and two ways to get out of every room.
  • Agree on an outside meeting place.
  • Decide who will take charge of each child.
  • Practice the escape routes during fire drills. (Practice escapes at night. That's when most deadly fires occur.)
  • Show children who live in high-rise buildings the shortest route to a safe exit. Warn them not to use the elevator.

    In a fire...
  • GET OUT FAST, seconds count. Phone for help from a neighbor's home, not from inside a burning building.
  • COVER your mouth and nose.
  • CRAWL LOW under the smoke to the nearest exit.
  • TEST the door. If it's hot or there's smoke, use another way out.
  • ONCE OUT, STAY OUT. There's nothing more important in your home than you. If someone is missing, tell a firefighter.
  • GATHER at your designated meeting place.
  • NEVER go back into a burning building.

If clothing catches on fire...

  • STOP. Running fans the flames, making fire burn faster. SHOUT for help. Don't run for help.
  • DROP to the floor and cover your face.
  • ROLL back and forth to put out flames.
  • COOL a burn with cool water.

Smoke is deadly

  • Each year, fires and burns kill hundreds of children and permanently scar thousands, yet more fire victims die from the smoke than flames. Smoke can overwhelm a child or adult in minutes.
  • Protect your family by installing smoke detectors outside all sleeping areas and on every level of your home.
  • Test them monthly, following manufacturers' instructions. Change batteries at least once a year -- even if they are still working. Caution: never remove batteries for use in toys, a flashlight, or radio.
  • Teach your children about smoke detectors. Let them help test the detectors, so they recognize the alarm. Follow up by practicing your escape route.

Matches and children don't mix

  • Matches and lighters are tools for adults; they are not toys.
  • Children who play with matches or lighters can be badly burned and can hurt others.
  • Teach children that if they find matches, they should tell an adult the location right away.

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